In 1992, Russia unilaterally suspended its flights of strategic aviation in remote regions.A total of 19 Tu-160s were stationed inside the newly-independent Ukraine during the fall of the Soviet Union.Squadron deployments to Long Range Aviation began that month, prior to the Tu-160 was first publicly presented in a parade in 1989.In 19, a total of 44 world speed flight records in its weight class were set.
Unlike the American B-1B Lancer, which reduced the original Mach 2 requirement for the B-1A to achieve a smaller radar cross-section, the Tu-160 retains variable intake ramps, and is capable of reaching Mach 2.05 speed at altitude. Igor Khvorov claimed that Tu-160s managed to penetrate the US sector of the Arctic undetected on 25 April 2006, leading to a USAF investigation according to a Russian source.
The first two aircraft (a Tu-160 and a Tu-95MS) departed Pryluky on 5 November.
During the following months, the seven other Tu-160s flew to Engels, with the last two arriving on 21 February 2001.
The newly assembled Tu-160M2, named Petr Deinekin (after the first commanding officer of the Russian Air Force Gen.
Pyotr Deynekin), performed its maiden flight in January 2018 and began flight testing the same month. The aircraft employs a fly-by-wire control system with a blended wing profile, and full-span slats are used on the leading edges, with double-slotted flaps on the trailing edges and cruciform tail.
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The Tu-160 is equipped with a probe-and-drogue in-flight refueling system for extended-range missions, although it is rarely used. Weapons are carried in two internal bays, each capable of holding 20,000 kg (44,000 lb) of free-fall weapons or a rotary launcher for nuclear missiles; additional missiles may also be carried externally. While similar in appearance to the American B-1 Lancer, the Tu-160 is a different class of combat aircraft; its primary role being a standoff missile platform (strategic missile carrier).